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Surprises In U.S. News’ 2017 MBA Ranking

‘OUR STUDENTS ARE WILLING TO BE PATIENT’

So Stanford, a school with the highest average GMATs, the lowest acceptance rate and the highest median pay, got clobbered in this ranking. But it’s not because of a weak job market in Silicon Valley. In fact, it’s anything but weak. The reason Stanford is an aberration—and is also being penalized for it by U.S. News’ methodology—is because MBAs are so confident in their job searches that they are exceptionally choosy about the jobs they want and will accept. And more often than ever before, many of the opportunities they are seeking are with startups and early-stage companies that don’t hire early.

“Because the market for our graduates remains very strong, they are willing to be patient and take the time to find the opportunities that fit them best,” explains Yossi Feinberg, senior associate dean for academic affairs, who oversees the Stanford MBA program.

It’s an example of how rankings metrics can often have perverse effects on outcomes–and that’s besides the more worrisome flaws in U.S. News surveys of deans and recruiters. The response rates on the magazine’s poll of recruiters hasn’t been revealed in years and U.S. News now mushes together three years of results, presumably because the one-year sample size is so low. Many of the recruiters who complete these surveys are alums of the schools and often don’t recruit at programs that are not their alma maters. Most deans, moreover, have little to scant knowledge of what is going on at other schools they are asked to rate.

FLAWS IN U.S. NEWS’ METHODOLOGY ALLOWED WHARTON TO TIE HARVARD

Wharton Dean Geoffrey Garrett gets his first No. 1 ranking in U.S. News

Regardless, the U.S. News metrics, which worked to disadvantage Stanford, had the opposite effect on Wharton. For one thing, U.S. News uses “average” salary and bonus, a metric that is less reliable than “median” in its methodology. Averages can often be skewed by a few outliers, a circumstance that can lead to major distortions in reported pay numbers. That clearly was the case this year for Wharton which was able to provide U.S. News with numbers that claim Wharton MBAs are the highest paid in the U.S. at with average salary and bonus of $158,058, better than Stanford’s $153,563 or Harvard’s $153,830.

In truth, total median pay–including median salary, median sign-on bonus and median other guaranteed compensation adjusted for the percentage of graduates receiving bonuses–shows that graduating MBAs at six other U.S. schools had higher comp numbers than Wharton. No. 1 Stanford was at $163,823, nearly $15,000 more than Wharton’s median of $148,892. MBA grads at Harvard, NYU Stern, UVA Darden, Michigan Ross, and Dartmouth Tuck all made more last year than Wharton MBAs who pretty much pulled down what grads at Yale’s School of Management made. Yet, “average salary and bonus”–not total median compensation–represents 14% of U.S. News‘ methodology.

Then, there is yet another less visible flaw in how U.S. News‘ counts these all-important pay and employment numbers supplied by the schools. Wharton’s reported pay and employment numbers are based only 92% of its graduating class. The numbers from Harvard, Kellogg, Tuck, U.C. Berkeley, UVA Darden and many other schools are reflective of 100% of their graduates. The numbers from Stanford, Chicago Booth, MIT Sloan, Duke Fuqua, Yale SOM are based on 99% of their graduating classes.

In fact, at least 44 other prominent U.S. schools, including Temple University’s Fox School in Philadelphia, have higher reporting rates for career outcomes than Wharton. The reporting rate at Wharton, moreover, has been declining for several years. It was two points higher last year at 94% and two additional points higher in 2014 at 96%. Ten years ago, it was 97%.

Maryellen Reilly, deputy vice dean of admissions, financial aid and career management, defended the credibility of the school’s employment statistics. “Given our large student population, getting 85%+ to report is an extraordinary accomplishment, as it is all voluntary reporting,” she said in a statement. “Based upon the information we receive from our students and from employers we are confident that what is reflected is an accurate representation of the employment outcomes for our students.”

ACCEPT THESE RANKINGS WITH A VERY BIG GRAIN OF SALT

Typically, however, graduates who fail to report back to their alma maters about their outcomes are among the least satisfied in the class, often because they don’t have jobs or they took jobs that pay them less than expected. Wharton’s pay and placement numbers—the very stats that got the school its first place ranking this year—would have substantially benefited from this anomaly. Wharton wasn’t the only elite school to base its employment report on a smaller sample. Columbia Business School was at 90% last year, down from 92% a year earlier, while Michigan Ross was at just 87%, down from 99% in 2012. Ninth-ranked Columbia and 11th-ranked Ross both rose by one place in this year’s U.S. News‘ ranking.

Unlike the Financial Times, which penalizes a school for lower reporting rates on placement metrics, U.S. News accepts whatever a school provides, regardless of the underlying size of the sample. The MBA Career Services & Employer Alliance, a trade group of business school career officials and employers, requires that employment reports are based on 85% of a graduating class. But some B-school veterans believe that a standard allowing schools to exclude 15% of its graduates provides too much wiggle room to significantly influence the actual numbers.

All of this is to remind users of these rankings to take them with one very big grain of salt. Over time, business school rankings are incredibly helpful to determine where a school stands among its peers. But they are always the result of dozens of often mindless decisions that can produce some pretty perverse outcomes.

THE TOP 25 BUSINESS SCHOOLS ON CORE METRICS

School GMAT GPA Accept Rate Pay Jobs at Grad Jobs Later
  1. Harvard 729 3.67 10.7% $153,830 79.3% 90.6%
  1. Wharton 730 3.60 19.6% $155,058 85.8% 95.5%
  3. Booth 726 3.58 23.6% $147,475 84.9% 95.2%
  4. Kellogg 728 3.60 20.1% $141,694 82.8% 95.0%
  4. MIT 724 3.58 11.7% $143,565 81.2% 92.5%
  4. Stanford 737 3.73 6.0% $153,553 62.8% 82.4%
  7. Haas 717 3.64 12.0% $140,067 68.6% 89.7%
  8. Tuck 717 3.53 22.4% $148,997 86.8% 95.6%
  9. Yale 725 3.63 19.0% $135,988 76.0% 89.9%
  9. Columbia 720 3.50 14.1% $150,229 77.3% 92.3%
  11. Michigan (Ross) 708 3.44 26.3% $145,926 85.6% 91.8%
  12. Duke (Fuqua) 695 3.47 22.1% $144,799 83.1% 91.6%
  12. NYU (Stern) 710 3.51 23.1% $145,413 82.1% 91.8%
  14. Virginia (Darden) 712 3.50 26.5% $150,823 80.7% 90.2%
  15. UCLA (Anderson) 715 3.52 20.7% $140,457 73.8% 87.7%
  16. Cornell (Johnson) 700 3.37 27.6% $146,252 79.8% 90.1%
  17. Texas (McCombs) 699 3.42 28.0% $135,194 77.5% 89.2%
  18. UNC (Kenan-Flagler) 700 3.37 36.4% $131,908 75.1% 90.4%
  19. Carnegie Mellon (Tepper) 686 3.30 30.3% $140,289 76.0% 85.2%
  20. Emory (Goizueta) 683 3.30 33.1% $138,864 84.0% 93.1%
  21. Georgetown (McDonough) 692/td>

3.40 44.6% $124,417 69.1% 90.3%
  21. Indiana (Kelley) 670 3.34 31.4% $128,637 83.9% 94.0%
  21. Washington Univ. (Olin) 688 3.46 29.7% $115,830 78.5% 96.3%
  24. USC (Marshall) 692 3.37 33.3% $126,934 75.2% 91.5%
  25. Arizona State (W. P. Carey) 682 3.54 14.3% $116,575 78.7% 95.1%
  25. Vanderbilt (Owen) 691 3.40 45.5% $129,587 80.3% 90.1%

Source: Schools reporting to U.S. News & World Report. Pay equals average salary and bonus for the Class of 2016. Job stats are for accepted offers, not offers

(See the following pages for the full ranking and year-over-year changes)

  • gsbgrad

    As a ’14 Stanford grad who chose between GSB and HBS, and chose GSB (which was true for a meaningful percentage of my classmates), I find this ranking disappointing and flawed. Salary and timeliness for hire may be important at the long-tail, but it is not important here and says nothing of my experience.

    I went to Stanford as a former VC that wanted to be best positioned to have my own fund in the future. I studied 200 top investor bios, and 65% actually had MBAs, and amongst those with MBAs, the vast majority went to Stanford. When I chose Stanford over Harvard, I got a lot of push back from my family and former employer, but the tied ranking made me comfortable choosing Stanford, even with the more limited brand recognition vs. Harvard. This drop in rankings would require even more resolve in my plan.

    The reasons for falling, and the methodology for ranking has absolutely nothing to do with the things that matter to me or define a good business school in the top tier. Stanford is a highly entrepreneurial place. Salary and time to employment are not reflective of who we are. Citing “confidence” as the explanation for slow time to employment is just crazy. Slow time to employment is because we have a very high percentage of classmates who choose non-traditional jobs and start companies. To me, these are the types of people I want to be surrounded by. They are so intelligent, ambitious and take risks – all things that require confidence and resolve.

    When I left Stanford, I wanted operating experience, and it took me a couple months to secure my “just in time job”. I also made far less than I ever made in finance. But none of those things were indicative of the quality of Stanford or the quality of the job I took. I think about Interpersonal Dynamics and Leadership Labs many times a day, even two years later. My job was a direct result of Entrepreneurship and VC, where Eric Schmidt and Peter Wendell led the class, and my weekly advisor led the National Venture Capital Association for many years. This advisor introduced me to key VCs, who then pointed me in the direction of the company I ultimately ended up joining. With this insight, I found a classic rocket ship. I joined at employee 100, and the Company is now 4.5x bigger. I was the second person on my team, that is now a team nearing 30. I have 13 direct reports, and I’m building a global function.

    I’m still paying back loans, and I don’t love that, but only Stanford would have put me in a position to survey the innovation landscape so broadly and focus so intensely on my leadership style. Hopefully next year we see some rankings that better reflect what “best” means for a broad range of ambitions.

  • Truth

    The Wharton pay number is manipulated. Read their employment report and the other M7 employment reports. The number doesn’t logically follow. The pay at HBS and GSB is higher. The pay at Booth is almost identical.