Harvard Down on Finance Types

by John A. Byrne on

Harvard Business School has accepted significantly fewer applicants from private equity and finance and a record number of women who will make up this fall’s entering class of MBA candidates.

Admits from private equity and venture capital fell to 13 percent from 18 percent a year earlier, while those from the investment banking and investment management fields dropped to 12 percent from 14 percent. All told, there is a decline of seven percentage points in finance types, year over year.

The decline in successful finance candidates confirms an earlier report by PoetsandQuants in December that in its first round acceptances for the Class of 2013, Harvard was turning down highly qualified applicants from private equity firms and ibanks who in earlier years would have gained acceptance. While the actual number of admits affected is relatively small—seven percentage points would represent some 64 out of a class of 918 students in total—it’s still a noteworthy shift at a school where the makeup of the class tends to be remarkably stable from year to year.

The composition of the incoming class was made public over the weekend when Harvard Business School posted the details on its website with no explanation or fanfare. A spokesman for the school noted that these are “preliminary figures subject to possible change by the time September rolls around.” Harvard is the first of the top-ranked business schools to disclose the composition of its incoming fall class. The shift away from finance is likely to have reverberations at several other schools, especially Wharton, Columbia, and Chicago Booth, which tend to admit more candidates with financial backgrounds.

WOMEN WILL REPRESENT A RECORD 39% OF THE CLASS

Women, meantime, will make up a record 39 percent of the incoming class, up three percentage points from 36 percent for the past two years. It’s the highest percentage of women ever to enter Harvard Business School. Only 28% of the Class of 1995 was female, and in 1975, just 11 percent of the class was composed of women. The new percentage brings Harvard closer to Wharton, which at 39.7% has the highest percentage of women in any top 25 ranked business school.

This is the first class entered under new Dean Nitin Nohira. For admission consultants and others who read Harvard’s tea leaves, the feeling is that Nohria is changing the profile of the traditional HBS class. Several admissions consultants say the school appears to be favoring a more diverse set of applicants from manufacturing, healthcare, the military, the government, and non-profits over those from such financial powerhouses as Goldman Sachs, KKR, and Blackstone.

The possible reason: to increase the odds that a higher percentage of future MBAs go into a more diverse range of job opportunities, including more politically correct fields such as social enterprise, entrepreneurship, and health care.

‘HBS IS BECOMING MORE HOSTILE TO PRIVATE EQUITY,’ SAYS A KEY ADMISSIONS CONSULTANT

“This confirms my prediction after round one results that HBS is becoming more hostile to private equity, venture capital, investment banking and financial management and more open to women,” says Sanford Kreisberg, president of HBSGuru, an MBA admissions consultant. “This is bad news for private equity and venture capital, unless you just consider this year a fluke.”

MEDIAN GMAT SCORES HIT A NEW RECORD AT 730

Harvard also reported that the median Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) score for the class matched last year’s highest level ever: 730. The incoming class had a range of GMAT scores from 490 to 790 versus last year’s 510 to 790. The average age of an incoming MBA jumped by a year to 27 years old.

Applications fell by four percent, roughly 390 applicants, to 9,134 from 9,524 a year earlier, though Harvard’s class size slightly increased to 918 from 910. The result: the school accepted 12% of its applicant pool, up from 11% last year. Harvard said 90% of the accepted applicants are expected to enroll in the fall.

Part of the reason for the decline in private equity and finance may be explained by the percentage of admits with undergraduate degrees in business. They fell to just 20 percent of the incoming class, down from 23% last year and 26% a year earlier.

Deirdre Leopold, Harvard’s director of admissions and financial aid, may have prepared applicants for the change when she sent an unusual email to all interviewed applicants a day before the official notification in the first round. In that email, she explained that the diversity of Harvard’s class was more important than the quality of the candidates in the admission process. ”If my job were to rank order candidates from high to low in order of individual strength, whatever that might mean, different decisions might be made,” she conceded.

Among other changes, successful applicants with backgrounds in manufacturing showed the largest single jump, to 14 percent from nine percent. That confirms, according to Kreisberg, what Dee Leopold often says to rejected candidates: “‘Well, if you had been working for Toyota, this might have been different.’” Kreisberg further notes, “Their darling cohort, healthcare and biotech was flat at six percent both years, which leads me to believe good candidates in that field are hard to come by. That’s especially true because that figure includes all the new 2+2 kids who were screened exactly for that and similar backgrounds in life sciences and health-care when they were admitted two years ago.”

The 2+2 program allows seniors in college to apply to Harvard Business School. If admitted, they are required to get two years of work experience before coming to Harvard for its two-year MBA program. “Could it be that many of those declared life-science types wound up working for financial firms during their first two years of 2+2???” asks Kreisberg. (See the following page for a complete comparison of the Class of 2013 vs. 1012.)

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  • Bruce Vann

    “Admits from private equity and venture capital fell to 13 percent from 18 percent a year earlier, while those from the investment banking and investment management fields dropped to 12 percent from 14 percent. All told, there is a seven percent decline in finance types, year over year.”

    Not to be a jerk but don’t you mean seven points? (25-32)/32 = 21.9% decline.

  • http://poetsandquants.com/members/jbyrne/ John A. Byrne

    Bruce,

    Good catch! You’re absolutely right. Written in a cramped airport seat and sent after a half hour search for working wifi at Dulles. Against all the odds. Will fix once I get to a computer. Thanks.

  • Bruce Vann

    No problem. Anything that I can do to help make this awesome website even more awesome I will do. Thanks for taking it so well. I tried to say it nicely.

  • JD

    John:

    A quick question. It has come to my notice that there is such a thing like the “M7″. Is there a difference between the M7 schools and others in the top-10?

    thanks for your feedback.

  • Debansu

    “…the diversity of Harvard’s class was more important than the quality of the candidates in the admission process. ”If my job were to rank order candidates from high to low in order of individual strength, whatever that might mean, different decisions might be made,” she conceded.”

    John, could you expand on what she meant when she said that the diversity of the class was more important than the quality of the candidates?

  • http://poetsandquants.com/members/jbyrne/ John A. Byrne

    My interpretation is that Harvard was taking too many applicants from the financial services industries and wasn’t getting the kind of diversity it wanted. These numbers show an adjustment to the school’s strategy. Remember that the dirty little secret of every business school is that what comes in is what comes out. Take too many finance types and they all go back out to Wall Street pretty much. Mix it up a bit more and you’ll find a greater percentage of your grads going into more diverse fields. The fact is the majority of people who apply to Harvard are fully qualified to get in and do well in the program. So it’s not as if you’re having to take lesser qualified people. The big increase in admits with manufacturing backgrounds is, in one sense, a greater bet on people who actually make things, versus people who manipulate markets and money.

  • Spearhead

    How could the median have been 724 last year? I think he meant the mean (average) was 724 last year. According to BusinessWeek, their median was 730 last year as well. Did their mean go up this year I wonder?

  • Johnnie Welker

    I wonder what will come down first:
    1- the Finance world
    2- or HBS

    Even though I can see why HBS is working so hard to stay away from Financiers, at the end of the day, financiers manage a lot of money, and dictate a lot in the World. HBS essentially is giving up on the leadership roles in the World. I can be totally wrong, but I would be shocked if bank and finance companies (p/e, hedgefund) have a diminished role in the future. You have China, India and Brazil working hard to get their services.Demand is quite high.

  • George Romani

    I wonder how many candidates from other services are at HBS. Take for example industries heavily damaged by the energy crisis of 2008 like airlines or carriers such as Fedex or UPS. Does anyone have a rough estimate of how many candidates from these areas get in every year? Everything seems to revolve around the finance sector and the financial crisis.

  • itsme

    @Johnnie

    Neither will come down. Finance types still make up 25% of the MBA class and there aren’t many other places they can go to. Stanford is not exactly accepting too many of them. Furthermore, most of these people look down on Wharton and consider the other business schools on the levels of University of Phoenix. And are you saying that the people in manufacturing are not important. Let’s put it this way if big manufacturing corporations did not exist the banks would probably not exist either.

  • Chris

    I think there may be an error in these statistics barring another explanation, a 90% yield would imply that 1020 students were accepted (918/.90). Yet, the acceptance rate should then be 11.1% (1020/9134)? Am I missing something?

  • http://poetsandquants.com/members/jbyrne/ John A. Byrne

    Chris,

    These are the numbers put out by Harvard. Often, there are deferred candidates in the mix or those who drop out after being accepted for personal reasons (from a family crisis to a newly won promotion) and that could account for the difference.

  • Rudy

    Admitting fewer finance professionals does not mean there are fewer “finance-types” in HBS this year. Many people get their MBA for a career change and a large number want to shift into a finance/consulting career. I’m in the class of 2013, I don’t come from a non-profit background and I’m looking to get into finance/impact investing post-HBS.

    Statistics are like bikinis. What they reveal is suggestive, but what they conceal is vital. ~Aaron Levenstein

  • Andreas

    Jon,
    Does Harvard’s application number include their 2+2 applications? If so then is their decrease in applications for this class more or less than the 4% you report?

    Good info. Thanks!

  • http://poetsandquants.com/members/jbyrne/ John A. Byrne

    Jon,

    Yes, I believe the number would include 2 plus 2. So if you subtracted them, the decline would be greater.

  • Asapps

    Does that mean that those who are working in management consulting (McKinsey, Bain, BCG) are still good?

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